The history of Vietnam can be traced back to the mid- to late 3rd century BCE. In the prehistoric civilization of Vietnam, the earlier inhabitants were known as one of the first people to practice agriculture. The Red River Valley was crucial to the growth of agriculture as its national geographic provided a source of living and economy. The country is surrounded by mountains, jungles, seas, and the Red River delta.
Another crucial point in Vietnam’s history was during the late Bronze Age. It was during this time when the Dong Som culture experienced advancement. Aside from providing the opportunities for economy and agriculture, the geography made this country difficult to attack. Vietnam was under the rule of the Hung kings for most of its history, acting as an independent and self-contained state.
When Vietnam succumbed to foreign rule, it was under that rule for more than 1,000 years. There were a series of Chinese dynasties that took control of the country. Over the years, many of the native cultural heritage, national identity, and language was diluted due to the foreign influence. Some of the foreign empires that ruled Vietnam throughout its history included the French Empire ad the Japanese Empire.